Tips for Safe Driving at Night: How to Drive in the Dark?
Tips for Safe Driving at Night: How to Drive in the Dark?

People feel anxious about driving in the dark. Don't you ever feel anxious about driving in the dark? It's not just paranoia. Driving at night is, in fact, more perilous. Fatal accidents occurring rate at night are three times more likely to happen compared with the daytime(According to NHTSA). 

One of the main reasons for this is that our vision is not as sharp in the dark. Thus it led to less road visibility and decreased reaction times. Interestingly, certain types of light, such as the glare from overly bright lights, can even worsen the situation.

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Table of content

  1. Understanding the Risks Associated with Driving in the Dark Night
  2. Creating a Safer Gap Between Your Vehicle and Others while Driving at Dark Nights
  3. Ensuring Functionality and Proper Use of Car Lights while Driving at Night
  4. Proper Adjustment of Headlights for Driving at Night
  5. Optimal Use of High Beams During Dark Hours
  6. Adjusting Your Interior Illumination for Safe Driving at Dark Nights
  7. Taking Precautions Against Night Blindness
  8. Maintaining a Clear Field of Vision while Driving at Dark Nights
  9. Choosing a Safer Route While Driving at Dark Night
  10. Enhancing Safety with Proper Eye Movement while driving in the dark
  11. Watching for Wildlife While Driving in the Dark Nights
  12. Final thoughts on being safe while driving in the dark

Fear not. This article provides comprehensive guidelines for navigating roads after sundown. By understanding the risks associated with nocturnal driving and taking appropriate measures, you can significantly reduce the hazards of night driving. 

So, why should you drive slower at night? It's all about safety, and here's how to achieve it.

Understanding the Risks Associated with Driving in the Dark Night

Awareness is key to safety while driving at night. You must be extra defensive during the night, especially because alcohol-impaired driving incidents are four times higher at night. It's crucial never to drive after drinking and to keep your defensive-driving instincts on high alert.

The threat of drowsy driving also looms large between midnight and 6 a.m. 

Stay alert to this risk and consider methods such as 

  1. Having some caffeine, 
  2. Pulling over for a rest, 
  3. Talking to yourself to stay awake,
  4. Or Stop for the night.

Creating a Safer Gap Between Your Vehicle and Others while Driving at Dark Nights

Why is there a higher incidence of car crashes while driving on dark nights? One reason could be the reduced visibility which leads to shorter reaction times. 

Speed-related crashes are 37% more likely at night. As such, maintaining a safe distance from the vehicle ahead gives you ample time to respond to sudden stops or changes in direction. 

So remember, when driving at night, you should slow down to adjust for conditions like visibility.

Ensuring Functionality and Proper Use of Car Lights while Driving at Night

Your car lights play a pivotal role in night road safety. 

Testing and using all your lights, including 

  1. Low beams, 
  2. High beams, 
  3. Daytime running lights, 
  4. Turn signals, 
  5. And brake lights are paramount. 

Remember to use your headlights not only in the dark but also during adverse weather conditions like 

  1. Rain, 
  2. Snow, 
  3. And hail.

A product like LED HEADLIGHTS, which are 400% brighter than standard halogen bulbs, can be a game-changer for your night drives. They offer a plug & play installation, making them an easy and effective solution for enhancing night vision.

Proper Adjustment of Headlights for Driving at Night

It is crucial to adjust your vehicle headlights properly for safe driving at night. This will ensure your headlights are in working condition and provide adequate illumination. Plus, it's evenly important to pay attention to the angle at which they are positioned as well. 

Incorrectly adjusted headlights can lead to reduced visibility for yourself or other drivers on the road.

  • Headlights can create a blinding effect on oncoming drivers when they are angled too high. This can be dangerous as it impairs their ability to see the road clearly. Thus it increases the risk of happening accidents. 
  • On the other hand, if the headlights are aimed too low, your visibility may be compromised, especially at higher speeds or on poorly lit roads.

Better to take help from a professional if you find it hard to adjust the headlights yourself for safe Driving at Night.

To ensure the proper adjustment of your headlights, it is recommended to have them checked at a car dealer or a reputable repair facility. These professionals have the necessary equipment and expertise to accurately adjust the angle of your headlights. 

They can ensure that the beam pattern is aligned correctly and provides optimal visibility without causing discomfort or hazards for other drivers.

It's worth noting that the process of adjusting headlights may vary depending on the build year and model of your vehicle. 

  1. Some vehicles have manual adjustment screws for this purpose
  2. While some have knobs that allow you to make minor adjustments yourself. 

However, for precise alignment, it is best to consult a professional who can ensure that your headlights are properly adjusted according to manufacturer specifications.

Signs that give you time to check your headlights to be safe while Driving at Dark Night

In addition to periodic checks by professionals, there are a few signs that can indicate if your headlights need adjustment. 

It may be time to have your headlights checked and adjusted if you notice that, 

  1. The road ahead is poorly illuminated, 
  2. The beam pattern seems uneven, 
  3. Or other drivers frequently flash their high beams at you. 

Keep in mind that driving with properly adjusted headlights improves your own visibility. And it also contributes to the overall safety of the road. Plus, they should be correctly angled to help with night driving for your safety as well.

Optimal Use of High Beams During Dark Hours

High beams can be underutilized but are incredibly useful in rural areas or open roads. Remember to dim them when an oncoming vehicle is within 500 feet to prevent temporarily blinding the other driver.

Here are some additional points to consider for the optimal use of high beams during dark hours:

1. Stay vigilant and attentive while driving in the dark:

It's important for you to remain attentive to road conditions. And to be aware of any potential hazards while using high beams. 

Keep an eye out for the below movements.

  1. Pedestrians, 
  2. Cyclists 
  3. Or animals that may be on or near the road. 

High beams can help you spot them more easily. But always be prepared to react quickly if needed.

2. Adjust high beams for curves and hills: 

Adjust your high beams accordingly when driving on curved roads or over hills. Aim them slightly downward to avoid illuminating the sky or blinding drivers on the other side of the curve or hill. This ensures that the light is focused where it is most needed. Plus, it helps you see the road ahead better.

3. Be considerate of other drivers: 

Yes, high beams can significantly improve your visibility. But it's important to be considerate of other drivers on the road as well. 

Therefore try to avoid using high beams in well-lit urban areas. Otherwise, these high beams of light will make it hard to see the road for drivers who come in from the other side in close proximity.

Remember to switch back to low beams when approaching other vehicles, even if they are far away, to prevent discomfort or distraction.

4. Familiarize yourself with headlight controls while driving in the dark: 

It's essential to know how to operate your vehicle's headlight controls effectively. Familiarize yourself with the switch that toggles between low and high beams and ensure it is functioning correctly. 

Some vehicles also have an automatic high beam assist feature, which switches between low and high beams based on detected oncoming traffic. Understand how this feature works and adjust it to your preference if available.

5. Regularly check and maintain your headlights: 

Properly functioning headlights are crucial for optimal visibility. Regularly inspect your headlights to ensure they are clean, aligned correctly, and free from any damage. Have them repaired or replaced promptly if you notice any issues.

You can make the most effective use of high beams during dark hours by following these guidelines. Plus, it will improve your visibility and overall safety on the road while being considerate of other drivers.

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Adjusting Your Interior Illumination for Safe Driving at Dark Nights

Having overly bright dashboard lights can be disorienting as they might create a jarring contrast with the dark road ahead. Dimming the interior lights at night is a good idea to ensure that critical controls remain easily visible but not distracting. 

Here are some additional points on adjusting your interior illumination for safe driving at night:

1. Dim the dashboard lights: 

The brightness of dashboard lights can vary from vehicle to vehicle. Thus it's important to find a balance that allows you to see the necessary information on the dashboard without causing any distraction or discomfort while driving.

For your information, 

  1. Most vehicles have a dimmer switch or knob that allows you to adjust the brightness of the dashboard lights. 
  2. And dimming them to a level where they are still visible to your eye but not overly bright should be the ideal way to use them. Also, it will help you to reduce experiencing eye strain and maintain focus on the road ahead.

2. Minimize other interior lighting while driving in the dark: 

In addition to dimming the dashboard lights, consider reducing or turning off any unnecessary interior lighting while driving at night. 

This includes 

  1. Overhead lights, 
  2. Console lights, 
  3. And any other ambient lighting that may be present in the vehicle. 

You can enhance your night vision and avoid unnecessary distractions by minimizing the amount of interior lighting.

3. Use red or amber lighting: 

If your vehicle offers the option, consider using red or amber lighting for your dashboard display at night. These colors are less likely to cause glare or affect your night vision compared to brighter white or blue lights. 

Red or amber lighting helps maintain your eyes' sensitivity to the dark road ahead while still allowing you to see essential information on the dashboard.

4. Avoid using mobile devices: 

Try to avoid as much as possible using mobile devices or other electronic devices that emit bright light while driving at night. The glare from these devices can be highly distracting. And can impair your vision. Plus, these changing display lights make it harder to see the road and other vehicles. 

Therefore we strongly suggest you stop the vehicle and use your mobile devices if it's really essential. Otherwise, Keep your focus on driving and refrain from using any devices that may compromise your safety.

5. Regularly clean the windshield and instrument panel: 

A clean windshield and instrument panel can significantly improve visibility at night. 

Otherwise, Dust, smudges, and fingerprints on the windshield or the instrument panel can scatter light and cause glare, reducing your ability to see clearly. Therefore try to clean these surfaces regularly with a microfiber cloth or a glass cleaner to ensure optimal visibility.

Remember, adjusting your interior illumination for safe driving at night is essential for 

  1. Maintaining focus on the road, 
  2. Reducing distractions, 
  3. And enhancing your overall visibility. 

Therefore find the right balance of lighting that allows you to see critical controls without causing discomfort or impairing your night vision.

Taking Precautions Against Night Blindness

Regular eye checks are essential to prevent night blindness. Glare becomes more problematic as we age, and you may even need a different prescription for nighttime.

Here are some additional points on taking precautions against night blindness:

1. Schedule regular eye exams: 

Regular eye check-ups with an optometrist or ophthalmologist are crucial for maintaining good vision. It especially helps to see the unclear road clearly to some extent at night. 

These professionals can detect any changes in your vision and prescribe corrective lenses if necessary. They can also identify and address any underlying eye conditions that may contribute to night blindness.

2. Discuss night vision concerns with your eye care professional: 

It's important to discuss these concerns with your eye care professional if you experience difficulties with night vision or glare. They can perform specific tests to evaluate your night vision and recommend appropriate measures to address the issue. 

This may include updating your prescription for nighttime driving or providing specialized lenses that reduce glare.

3. Reduce glare from oncoming headlights while driving in the dark: 

Glare from oncoming headlights can be particularly challenging. Especially for those who have difficulties seeing at night. Try focusing your gaze on the right side of the road and using the road's edge or painted lane markings as a guide to reduce the impact of glare. 

Additionally, consider using lenses or coatings that are specifically designed to minimize glare. These remedies can be prescribed by your eye care professional.

4. Keep windshields and eyeglasses clean: 

Dirty windshields and eyeglasses can exacerbate the effects of glare and reduce visibility at night. Therefore we recommend that you clean your windshield inside and out to remove dirt, smudges, and streaks regularly.

Likewise, clean your eyeglasses with a suitable lens cleaner as well. This will ensure clear vision and minimize any hindrances to night vision.

5. Adjust your driving habits driving in the dark: 

If you experience night blindness or have difficulty seeing at night, it may be helpful to adjust your driving habits. 


  1. Driving at slower speeds, 
  2. Maintaining a greater following distance, 
  3. And avoiding unfamiliar or poorly lit areas at night. 

These precautions can provide you with more time to react to potential hazards and increase overall safety.

Keep in mind taking precautions against night blindness involves 

  1. Regular eye check-ups, 
  2. Discussing any concerns with your eye care professional, 
  3. Reducing glare, 
  4. Keeping windshields and eyeglasses clean, 
  5. And adjusting your driving habits as necessary. 

By addressing night vision issues proactively, you can help ensure safer driving experiences at night.

Maintaining a Clear Field of Vision while Driving at Dark Nights

Cleanliness is not just about aesthetics. It plays a crucial role in road safety while Driving at Dark Night. Dirty or damaged windshields can scatter light and potentially increase the effects of glare. 

Similarly, unclean or damaged headlights can decrease your visibility and cast glare onto oncoming drivers. Therefore make it a habit to clean your headlights and windshields regularly.

Here are additional points on maintaining a clear field of vision while driving at night:


1. Clean windshields and windows: 

Regularly clean your windshields, side windows, and rearview mirrors to remove dirt, dust, and smudges. Dirty windows can scatter light and create glare, reducing your visibility at night. 

Use a suitable glass cleaner and a microfiber cloth to ensure a clear and streak-free surface.

2. Check and replace windshield wipers: 

Functional windshield wipers are essential for maintaining clear visibility in rainy or snowy conditions. Worn-out or damaged wiper blades can leave streaks or smudges on the windshield, further impairing your vision. 

Check your wiper blades regularly and replace them if they show signs of deterioration or are not effectively clearing the windshield.

3. Inspect and clean headlights: 

Over time, headlights can accumulate dirt, grime, and debris, which can reduce their brightness and effectiveness. Regularly inspect your headlights and clean them using a mild soap solution and a soft cloth. 

Also, ensure that the headlight lenses are clear and not scratched, as scratches can scatter light and decrease visibility.

4. Address foggy headlights: 

Over time, headlight lenses can become cloudy or foggy due to exposure to the elements. This can significantly diminish their output and visibility. 

Consider using a headlight restoration kit or seek professional assistance to restore their clarity if your headlights appear foggy.

5. Adjust and aim headlights properly: 

As mentioned earlier, correctly adjusted headlights are essential for safe nighttime driving. Ensure that your headlights are perfectly aligned and aimed according to the manufacturer's specifications. Misaligned headlights can create glare for other drivers or reduce your visibility on the road. Consult a professional if you're unsure how to properly adjust your headlights.

6. Check and replace burnt-out bulbs: 

Burnt-out bulbs can significantly reduce the effectiveness of your headlights. 

We urge you to check all your vehicle's exterior lights regularly, including, 

  1. Headlights, 
  2. High beams, 
  3. Fog lights, 
  4. And taillights. 

Replace any burnt-out bulbs promptly to maintain optimal visibility and ensure that other drivers can see you clearly.

Remember, maintaining a clear field of vision while driving at night is crucial for road safety. 

Regularly clean 

  1. Windshields, 
  2. Windows,
  3. And headlights, 

Plus, address any issues such as foggy lenses, misaligned headlights, or burnt-out bulbs

By doing so, 

  • You can enhance visibility, 
  • Reduce the effects of glare, 
  • And promote safer driving at night.

Choosing a Safer Route While Driving at Dark Night

Choosing your route wisely can also help reduce the risk. Two-lane highways may not be the best choice due to lower overall light, the presence of oncoming cars' headlights, and more sharp curves and hills than a freeway. If possible, choose a safer route at night.

Here are additional points on choosing a safer route while driving at Dark night:

1. Freeways or well-lit highways: 

Whenever possible, opt for routes that include freeways or well-lit highways. 

These roads typically have better lighting infrastructure and are designed with 

  1. Broader lanes, 
  2. Fewer sharp curves, 
  3. And better visibility, Which can contribute to a safer driving experience at night.

2. Consider traffic volume: 

Take into account the traffic volume on your intended route. High-traffic areas may have more congested roads and a higher probability of encounters with aggressive or distracted drivers. 

Choosing less congested routes can reduce the likelihood of accidents and provide a more relaxed driving experience.

3. Familiarity with the route: 

It's generally safer to choose a route you are familiar with when driving at Dark Nights. 

Familiar routes allow you to anticipate 

  1. Road conditions, 
  2. Curves, 
  3. Intersections, 
  4. And any potential hazards more effectively. 

Use navigation systems or maps to ensure you are aware of upcoming turns and potential challenges If it's a must to drive on an unfamiliar route due to an emergency.


4. Consider road conditions: 

Be mindful of the road conditions on your intended route, especially during nighttime driving. 

Some roads may be, 

  1. Poorly maintained, 
  2. Leading to potholes, 
  3. Uneven surfaces, 
  4. Or insufficient road markings. 

These factors can pose challenges and increase the risk of accidents, particularly if you are driving in low-light conditions. Therefore it's better to stay updated on road conditions and choose routes that are known to be well-maintained.

5. Plan rest stops and fueling stations: 

Plan your rest stops and fueling stations ahead of time when driving long distances at night. In that way, you can ensure you have sufficient rest and energy to stay alert during the journey. 

It's also wise to fuel up before setting out to avoid the need for refueling in isolated or poorly lit areas.

6. Use technology and real-time updates when driving in the dark: 

Utilize GPS navigation systems or smartphone apps that provide real-time traffic and road condition updates. These tools can help you choose the most efficient and safest routes based on current information. 

They may also provide alerts for accidents, road closures, or construction zones, allowing you to adjust your route accordingly.

Because of all these reasons, choosing a safer route while driving at night involves considering factors such as 

  1. Lighting, 
  2. Traffic volume, 
  3. road conditions, 
  4. Familiarity, 
  5. And the availability of rest stops and fueling stations. 

You can enhance safety and reduce potential risks associated with nighttime driving by making informed decisions about your route.

Enhancing Safety with Proper Eye Movement while Driving in the Dark

While it's crucial to keep your eyes on the road, avoid a fixed gaze and never stare at oncoming headlights. When encountering an oncoming vehicle, shift your gaze down and to the right, using the right edge of the road or lane markings as a guide to staying on track.

Resume normal vision once the oncoming vehicle has passed.

Here are additional points on enhancing safety with proper eye movement while driving at night:

1. Maintain an active eye movement: 

Instead of fixating your gaze on a single spot, practice maintaining active eye movement while driving at night. 

Continuously scan your surroundings, including 

  1. The road ahead, 
  2. Side mirrors, 
  3. Rearview mirror, 
  4. And side windows. 

This helps you stay aware of your surroundings, anticipate potential hazards, and adjust your driving accordingly.

2. Avoid staring at oncoming headlights while driving in the dark: 

Avoid staring straight at headlights when faced with them directly at your face. The intense brightness can cause temporary vision impairment and make it challenging to see the road ahead. 

Instead, shift your gaze down and to the right. Use the right edge of the road or lane markings as a reference point to look down to. This technique helps you maintain your position on the road while minimizing the impact of oncoming headlights.


3. Use peripheral vision: 

Peripheral vision plays a crucial role in detecting objects and movements in your surroundings. 

Make use of your peripheral vision to monitor the sides of the road and check for any potential hazards or approaching vehicles while focusing on the road ahead. This helps you maintain situational awareness and respond quickly to changing road conditions.

4. Resume normal vision after passing: 

You can resume your normal vision once the oncoming vehicle has passed and its headlights are no longer directly in your field of vision. 

Shift your gaze back to the center of the road and continue scanning your surroundings. It's essential to quickly readjust your focus to ensure you're aware of any changes or potential hazards that may arise.

5. Avoid distractions while driving in the dark: 

Minimize distractions inside the vehicle that can divert your attention from the road. 

Keep your focus on driving and avoid activities that take your eyes off the road, such as 

  1. Using mobile devices, 
  2. Adjusting the stereo, 
  3. Or eating. 

You can react more effectively to unexpected situations and enhance overall safety by maintaining a focused and attentive eye movement.

Therefore enhancing safety with proper eye movement involves maintaining 

  1. An active eye movement, 
  2. Avoid staring at oncoming headlights, 
  3. Utilizing peripheral vision, 
  4. Resuming normal vision after passing, 
  5. And minimizing distractions. 

You can improve your visual awareness by adopting these practices. And react more effectively to potential hazards, and promote safer driving at night.

Watching for Wildlife While Driving in the Dark Nights

Collisions with wildlife are more common from dusk to night and especially from October to January. Your high beams can help you spot an animal's glowing eyes. If you spot them, slow down and stop rather than swerve to avoid an accident.

Here's additional content on watching for wildlife while driving at night:

  • Be aware of peak wildlife activity times: 

  • Collisions with wildlife are more likely to occur during 

    1. Dusk, 
    2. Dawn, 
    3. And nighttime hours. 

    Additionally, certain seasons, such as October to January, often see increased wildlife activity due to mating, migration, or foraging patterns. Stay alert and exercise extra caution during these times.

    2. Use high beams to spot wildlife: 

    Use your high beams when there is no oncoming traffic or when you are driving in areas prone to wildlife encounters. 

    High beams can help you spot the reflection of animals' eyes, which may appear glowing or shining. This reflection is caused by the tapetum lucidum, a reflective layer in animals' eyes that enhances their night vision. 

    Slow down and be prepared for the presence of wildlife if you see glowing eyes on or near the road.

    3. Slow down and maintain control while driving in the dark nights:


    • Reduce your speed and be prepared to stop if necessary if you spot wildlife on or near the road. 
    • Avoid sudden movements or swerving, as this can increase the risk of losing control of your vehicle or colliding with other vehicles. 
    • Maintain a firm grip on the steering wheel and stay in your lane while safely slowing down to a stop if needed.

    4. Be cautious in wildlife-prone areas: 

    In certain areas, such as rural or wooded regions, are more likely to have wildlife crossings. These areas may have warning signs indicating the presence of wildlife or designated wildlife crossing zones. 

    Pay close attention to these signs and adjust your driving accordingly. 

    Try to be especially vigilant as possible when driving near; 

    1. Forests, 
    2. Parks, 
    3. Or areas with known wildlife populations.

    5. Stay in the center of your lane: 

    When driving on roads with multiple lanes, try to stay in the center of your lane, especially at night. This gives you more reaction time if an animal suddenly enters the roadway. 

    Avoid straddling lanes, as it reduces the space available for maneuvering and increases the risk of collision.

    6. Report wildlife sightings or roadkill while driving in the dark: 

    Consider reporting it to local authorities or wildlife management agencies if you encounter wildlife on the road or notice roadkill. 

    This information can help them;

    • Monitor wildlife populations, 
    • Identify high-risk areas, 
    • And take measures to mitigate wildlife-vehicle collisions.

    Remember, watching for wildlife while driving at night requires, 

    1. Increased awareness, 
    2. Using high beams to spot reflective eyes, 
    3. Slowing down and maintaining control, 
    4. Being cautious in wildlife-prone areas, 
    5. Staying in the center of your lane, 
    6. And reporting wildlife sightings or roadkill. 

    You can reduce the risk of collisions with wildlife and ensure a safer driving experience simply by taking these precautions into your consideration.

    Final thoughts on being safe while driving in the dark 

    In conclusion, there are many ways to improve safety when driving at night. 

    You can significantly reduce the hazards associated with night driving by, 

    • Understanding the risks, 
    • Taking appropriate measures, 
    • And ensuring all parts of your vehicle are in good working condition. 

    So, don't let the dark deter you from hitting the road - just remember to be cautious and vigilant. Safe travels!

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    What is the best rule for safe night driving?

    The best rule for safe night driving is understanding and minimizing the associated risks. Get enough rest to be attentive, adjust your headlights for optimal illumination, use mirror dimmers to reduce glare, and minimize cabin light. 

    It's also advisable to utilize your high beams when appropriate, drive slower, use your signal effectively, and avoid two-lane highways for their reduced visibility and increased hazards.

    How can I improve my night driving?

    Improving night driving requires both self-preparation and vehicle readiness. 

    1. Keep your glasses prescription up to date, 
    2. Maintain vehicle safety (especially the lighting system), 
    3. Keep the windshield and headlights clean, 
    4. And consider anti-reflective lens coating. 

    Being mindful of road hazards and other drivers' headlights, as well as maintaining a safe distance from other vehicles, can significantly enhance your night driving skills.

    How can I be more confident driving in the dark?

    Ensure appropriate use of your vehicle lights and avoid staring at oncoming vehicles to boost your confidence while driving at night. Keeping your car windows clean enhances visibility. Be extra vigilant for pedestrians, cyclists, and animals. 

    Regular eye checks are necessary to prevent night blindness. Avoid driving when tired, and constantly work on improving your night-driving skills.

    What is the biggest hazard in night driving?

    The most significant hazards of night driving include compromised night vision due to; 

    1. Reduced light, 
    2. Fatigue that impairs alertness and reaction time, 
    3. Rush hour traffic increases road congestion, 
    4. And dirty windshields that scatter light and intensify glare. 

    Additionally, driving with improper glasses or lenses can further deteriorate visibility.

    What lights to use when driving at night?

    Low-beam headlights or dipped headlights are essential for night driving. They not only improve visibility at night but are also beneficial in adverse weather conditions such as 

    1. Rain, 
    2. Snow, 
    3. Or fog 
    4. And during twilight hours around sunrise and sunset.